Primary prevention, early detection and screening programs reduce the burden of cancer and optimize outcomes through enabling earlier diagnoses and improved treatment outcomes. Some of these services can be provided by the cancer centre or primary care. Planning and providing effective and efficient cancer control services requires a thorough understanding of a population’s current and predicted future burden of cancer. This section presents population-based strategies for primary cancer prevention that aim to address major lifestyle-associated risks for cancer as well as population based screening programs and the development of cancer registries.
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